Zhuikova E.B. Raising a foster/adopted child: from motivation and expectations to setting relationships in the family
Ekaterina B. Zhuikova, clinical psychologist, lecturer, L.S. Vygotsky Institute of Psychology, Russian State University for the Humanities, Moscow, Russia; bld. 6, Miusskaya square, Moscow, Russia, 125047; firstname.lastname@example.org
The development of the family care system in Russia involves a transition from recognizing the importance of family placement of orphans overcoming deprivation and trauma to an in-depth study of the psychological characteristics of foster/adoptive families necessary for providing high-quality psychological assistance to parents and children. The article is an analysis based on the literature the problem of the influence of the motivation of foster/adoptive parents, expectations from the functioning of the family on child-parent relations. The importance of attachment relationships and the advantages of family placement over institutional education is confirmed, the way of development of views on the topic of deprivation in various psychological approaches is analyzed. The article analyzes the stages of formation of the adoption practice in the culture, the connection of the social image of child-parent relations and the practice of adopting a child into a family, a foster family as a cultural phenomenon. The analysis of the relationship between the social processes around the family and the expectations that parents form around foster parenting is carried out. The central topic of the article is the discussion of the importance of motivation to adopt a child, parents ‘ expectations for the period of adaptation, the formation of relationships, the first stages of attachment formation. The article criticizes the practice of diagnosing the content aspects of motivation, identifying functional and dysfunctional motives, justifies the importance of studying the metacharacteristics of motivation associated with dynamic parameters (flexibility, reflexivity, consistency with reality, intra-family consistency, stability). The possibilities of studying the characteristics of motivation and expectations with the help of J. Kelly’s theory of personal constructs and modern trends of constructivist approaches to the analysis of family relations are analyzed. The importance of analyzing the process of interpersonal formation of constructs, semantic polarities, the process of positioning within them for understanding the crisis and harmonious adaptation of the foster family to the appearance of a child is discussed.
Key words: foster family, adoptive family, foster child, adopted child, motivation of the foster/adoptive parent, expectations from the foster/adopted child, adaptation of the foster/adopted child
For citation: Zhuikova, E.B. (2021). Raising a foster/adopted child: from motivation and expectations to setting relationships in the family. New Psychological Research, No. 3, 48–78. DOI: 10.51217/npsyresearch_2021_01_03_03
received 6 October 2021
published 6 October 2021