Rasskazova E.I., Botasheva T.L. Subjective value of sleep of children 5–13 years old for their parents and its relationship to psychological factors of children’s sleep
Elena I. Rasskazova, PhD (Psychology), associate professor, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia; bld. 9–11, Mokhovaya str., Moscow, Russia, 125009; Mental Health Research Center, Moscow, Russia; bld. 34, Kashirskoe hw, Moscow, Russia, 115522; firstname.lastname@example.org
Tatiana L. Botasheva, MD, professor, Research Institute of Obstetrics and Pediatrics of the Rostov State Medical University, Rostov-on-Don, Russia; bld. 43/38/2, Mechnikova st., Rostov-on-Don, Russia, 344012; email@example.com
The discrepancy between the declared importance of sleep and its low actual significance revealed in adult respondents suggests that such a discrepancy may develop in childhood, when the regulation of the child’s sleep is shared with the parent. The aim of the study is to identify the relative subjective significance and controllability of sleep in children aged 5–13 years for their parents. Methods. 147 children aged 5–13 years (47 children aged 5–6 years, 49 children aged 7–9 years, 51 children aged 10–13 years) answered the questions of children’s Sleep Self-Report, Dysfunctional Beliefs About Sleep scale, Sleep Vulnerability Scale, Pediatric Sleepiness Scale. One of their parents answered questions about the child’s sleep pattern, filled a questionnaire on the relative subjective significance of sleep, and a series of scales on the children’s sleep habits, dysfunctional beliefs and vulnerability of their own and their child’s sleep, and the subjective quality and behavioral factors of their sleep. Results. The sleep of children is perceived by parents as less important than the various activities of the child during the day, and as controlled as sports activities and even more controlled than friends and games. No matter how long the child actually falls asleep and how much he complains about his sleep, parents realize his sleep is more important only if they themselves notice that the child cannot fall asleep for a long time. Parents believe that they can have a greater impact on a child’s sleep for a wide range of child’s sleep-related difficulties. The subjective dependence of children’s sleep on the efforts of parents is higher with greater vulnerability of their own sleep, violations of the hygiene of their sleep, as well as dysfunctional beliefs about the child’s sleep and his vulnerability. Conclusion. The data are consistent with the ideas of the psychology of corporeality about the low significance of children’s sleep for parents, which is objectified as a problem only in case of obvious difficulties.
Key words: Psychology of corporeality, sleep of children aged 5–13 years, subjective significance of sleep, parental assessments
For citation: Rasskazova, E.I., Botasheva, T.L. (2022). Subjective value of sleep of children 5–13 years old for their parents and its relationship to psychological factors of children’s sleep. New Psychological Research, No. 3, 48–69. DOI: 10.51217/npsyresearch_2022_02_03_03
Research was supported by the Russian Foundation for Fundamental Research, project 20-013-00740 “Development and disturbances of sleep-wake psychological regulation system: an approach of psychology of bodily functions regulation”.
received 29 September 2022
published 29 September 2022