Rasskazova E., Demenko E., Tkhostov A., Frolova A. The relationship of psychological self-regulation in adolescents and youth with the risk of their involvement in drug use
Elena I. Rasskazova, Ph.D (Psychology), associate professor, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia; bld. 11–9, Mokhovaya str., Moscow, Russia, 125009; Mental Health Research Center, Moscow, Russia; bld. 34, Kashirskoe h., Moscow, Russia, 115522; firstname.lastname@example.org
Elena G. Demenko, MD, psychiatrist-narcologist, Moscow Research and Practical Centre for Narcology; bld. 37/1, Lyublinskaya str., Moscow, Russia, 109390; email@example.com
Aleksandr Sh. Tkhostov, Ph.D (Psychology), professor, the head of Clinical Psychology Department, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia; bld. 11–9, Mokhovaya str., Moscow, Russia, 125009; firstname.lastname@example.org
Anastasia Frolova, clinical psychologist, graduate, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia; bld. 11–9, Mokhovaya str., Moscow, Russia, 125009; email@example.com
The problem of psychological factors of involvement of adolescents and young people in the use of narcotic substances is extremely relevant at the present time. The aim is to reveal the features of psychological self-regulation in adolescents and young people involved in the use of drugs. Methods. The first control group included 123 schoolchildren from 13 to 17 years old in Moscow schools, the second control group included 760 adolescents aged 13 to 23 studying in sports institutions in Moscow and the Moscow region. The clinical group is represented by 130 drug addicts aged 13 to 25 years. All respondents filled out a methodological complex for diagnosing psychological risk factors for adolescents’ involvement in drug use and A. Beck’s Cognitive Insight Scale. Respondents involved in drug use filled out a Behavioral Scale for Assessing Executive Functions (BRIEF-A). Results. Cross-validation confirmed the psychometric characteristics of the scales of propensity for technological addictions, the search for something new, and understanding in parent-child relationships. The scales of self-regulation difficulties and antisocial tendencies require improvement in terms of reliability-consistency, but have constructive validity in identifying adolescents and young people involved in drug use. The Cognitive Insight Scale has sufficient consistency, but does not reveal differences between the clinical and control groups. Adolescents and young people involved in the use of narcotic substances are characterized by higher scores on the scales of technological addictions, antisocial tendencies, voluntary regulation difficulties, but lower scores on the scales of cognitive insight, novelty seeking, risky behavior, compared with a group of schoolchildren of that age group and athletes. Self-reported voluntary regulation in adolescents and young people who use drugs is unrealistic, as evidenced by its association with propensity for technology addiction and antisocial tendencies, risk-taking behavior, and a higher appreciation of their ability to control emotions. However, it is associated with great difficulties in voluntary regulation, which partly confirms its validity. Conclusions. The methodological complex can be used further when refining the scales of voluntary regulation difficulties and antisocial tendencies on a sample of people involved in the use of narcotic drugs.
Key words: drug use, adolescents and young adults, psychological factors
For citation: Rasskazova, E., Demenko, E., Tkhostov, A., Frolova, A. (2022). The relationship of psychological self-regulation in adolescents and youth with the risk of their involvement in drug use. New Psychological Research, No. 4, 172–187. DOI: 10.51217/npsyresearch_2022_02_04_08
Research was supported by the Russian Science Foundation, project 22-28-0152 “Psychological risk factors for deviant behavior in adolescents and youth: profiles of self-regulation and coping”.
received 30 December 2022
published 30 December 2022