Prokhorov A.O., Chernov A.V., Yusupov M.G., Reshetnikova I.S. The development of self-regulation of students’ mental states in the process of education at the university
Alexander O. Prokhorov, Doctor of Sciеnсе (Psychology), professor, Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University, Kazan, Russia; bld. 18, Kremlin str., Kazan, Russia, 420008; firstname.lastname@example.org
Albert V. Chernov, PhD (Psychology), associate professor, Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University, Kazan, Russia; bld. 18, Kremlin str., Kazan, Russia, 420008; email@example.com
Mark G. Yusupov, PhD (Psychology), associate professor, Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University, Kazan, Russia; bld. 18, Kremlin str., Kazan, Russia, 420008; firstname.lastname@example.org
Irina S. Reshetnikova, assistant, Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University, Kazan, Russia; bld. 18, Kremlin str., Kazan, Russia, 420008; email@example.com
The results of the study of the self-regulation development dynamics of mental states of students during their studies at the university are presented in the article. The main domestic and foreign approaches to self-regulation of activity and mental states are considered. It is shown that the least developed in the conceptual constructions of mental states’ self-regulation is the mental component of regulation: the relations of regulation and structures of consciousness, the contribution of the components of consciousness to changes in the mental states of the subject, their role and significance in the regulatory process, etc. are insufficiently studied. The proposed study is aimed at implementing this approach. The study involved 217 students of the first (111) and fourth (106) courses of study at Kazan Federal University. Studies of mental states were carried out in three forms of educational activity of different intensity: at a lecture, at a seminar and at an exam. We used both specially developed author’s questionnaires and various methods of diagnosing of mental states, regulatory abilities and individual psychological properties of a personality. The differences in the experienced mental states of junior and senior students in various forms of education were revealed, which is manifested in the severity of individual substructures of mental states in different forms of educational activity. It is established that as they study at the university, the typical methods and techniques of mental state regulation change, and the general ability to self-regulation of mental states is formed. In the course of the study were found the differences in the level of meaning-life orientations, reflection and the self-system: the clarity of all indicators increases. The general direction of changes in indicators that make up the structure of mental states’ regulation indicates an improvement in the self-regulation system of students’ mental states and the development of regulatory properties from junior to senior courses.
Key words: mental state, mental regulation, self-system, reflection, learning activity
For citation: Prokhorov, A.O., Chernov, A.V., Yusupov, M.G., Reshetnikova, I.S. (2021). The development of self-regulation of students’ mental states in the process of education at the university. New Psychological Research, No. 4, 71–90. DOI: 10.51217/npsyresearch_2021_01_04_04
The study was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, project 19-29-07072 “Mental mechanisms of mental states’ self-regulation and the development of regulatory abilities of university students”.
received 28 December 2021
published 28 December 2021