Poleva N.S. Transcendence and «gaps» of everyday life
Natalia S. Poleva, Ph.D (Psychology), Psychological Institute of Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia; bld. 9–4, Mokhovaya str., Russia, Moscow, 125009, firstname.lastname@example.org
The article is devoted to the theoretical analysis of the phenomenon of “gaps” in everyday life. Based on the provisions of the theory of A. Schutz about the plurality of realities, the general characteristics of the finite areas of meaning and the characteristic features of everyday life as the supreme reality are considered. The process of transition from one reality to another is transcendence. Transcendence is understood as a way of detachment from everyday life, a process of going beyond the “here and now”, which is accompanied by “gaps” in everyday life, experiences of a “leap” or “shock”. Transcendence is an important component of the everyday world and its characteristic. The transcendent dimension of everyday life can have an existential mode. Representatives of humanistic and existential psychology associate the highest, existential level of human existence with the ability of the individual to self-transcendence – to go beyond himself, beyond the boundaries of his immediate life. At the same time, the ability for self-transcendence, along with the ability for self-detachment and self-reflection, are the essential characteristics of human existence, which open up the possibility of self-determination of the personality, “life-creation” and orientation towards transformation strategies. The world of the subject’s everyday life is structured by the internal form of the psychological chronotope, experiences of “spots of time”, which are accompanied by “gaps” of everyday life and transcendence to other realities or to other levels of being. Some “spots of time” can be sources of existential experience and triggers of possible changes. What is common in understanding transcendence as an immanent characteristic of everyday life and transcendence as an immanent and essential characteristic of a person is the interpretation of transcendence as a process of detachment from the actual “here and now”.
Key words: everyday life, transcendence, self-transcendence, detachment, “spots of time”
For citation: Poleva, N.S. (2022). Transcendence and «gaps» in everyday life, No. 3, 8–22. DOI: 10.51217/npsyresearch_2022_02_03_01
The study was supported by the Russian Foundation of Basic Research, project 20-013-00075 «Person in everyday life: psychological phenomenology and determinates».
received 29 September 2022
published 29 September 2022