Poleva N.S. Everyday life as a coping strategy with the challenges of transitive and virtual space
Natalia S. Poleva, Ph.D (Psychology), Russian State University for the Humanities, Moscow, Russia; bld. 6, Miusskaya square, Moscow, Russia, 125047; Psychological Institute of Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia; bld. 9–4, Mokhovaya str., Russia, Moscow, 125009; email@example.com
The theoretical justification for understanding everyday life as a coping strategy during periods of crisis associated with the COVID-19 pandemic and the 2022 crisis caused by the Russian–Ukrainian conflict is presented in the article. The resources of everyday life as coping strategies during periods of rigid transitivity are not “switched on” immediately (since everyday life itself crumbles), but are activated after some time lag. The process of restoring the routines of everyday life becomes coping behavior, and everyday life becomes a coping strategy. Therefore, the gradual “return” of everyday life, its assembly is a productive strategy that helps to increase the physical and mental resource of a person and his adaptability. Responses to the challenges of transitive and virtual space in situations of crisis and stress are the transformation of the usual everyday ways of interacting with news information, which begins to perform the functions of protection and coping. Based on the analysis of statistical data, such forms of coping behavior as increasing interest in news, accelerating the tendency to avoid news, and selective avoidance of news during periods of crisis are distinguished. In addition, during the acute period of the crisis, the number of people who seek to use several sources of information, learn and compare different opinions and points of view, in order to avoid fakes, increases. The identified features of everyday practices of news consumption in times of crisis correlate with the styles of interaction with information in a situation of threat and stress, proposed by S. Miller. Increasing interest in the news, their constant monitoring throughout the day is a manifestation of the monitoring style, when the desire for high awareness becomes a strategy for overcoming / reducing anxiety and emotional stress. The acceleration of the tendency to avoid news, recorded in a number of cases, correlates with the blunter style, when the coping strategy that helps reduce anxiety is the rejection of information, its selective avoidance, or deliberate reduction of awareness. The possibility of changing or combining strategies/styles depending on the stage of passing through a stressful situation is emphasized.
Key words: crisis, rigid transitivity, everyday life, transitive and virtual spaces, coping strategy
For citation: Poleva, N.S. (2022). Everyday life as a strategy for coping with the challenges of transitive and virtual space. New Psychological Research, No. 4, 10–28. DOI: 10.51217/npsyresearch_2022_02_04_01
The work was supported by the Russian Science Foundation, project 19-18-00516 «Transitive and virtual spaces – commonality and differences».
received 30 December 2022
published 30 December 2022