Scientific journal

New Psychological Research

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Pasternak N.A. The ability to act “in the mind” as a predictor of success in higher medical school

Nina A. Pasternak, Ph.D (Psychology), Associate Professor, RANEPA School of Anthropology of the Future, Moscow, Russia; bld. 82, Vernadsky ave., Moscow, Russia, 119571; A.I. Evdokimov Moscow State Medical University, Moscow, Russia; bld. 20–1, Delegatskaya st., Moscow, Russia, 127473; nina.pasternak@yandex.ru

The article touches upon one of the applied tasks of psychology – finding the factors that determine the academic success of students of the higher medical school. The article describes the studies conducted within the framework of the psychometric approach traditionally used in psychology, which show that the academic performance of medical students is influenced by logical thinking, stress tolerance, conscientiousness, organization. It is emphasized that the big disadvantage of such studies is their complexity and a large amount of time spent. In this study, the problem is considered within the framework of evolutionary problems in psychology, the role of the ability to act “in the mind” of Yakov Alexandrovich Ponomarev in the success of studying at a medical university is revealed. The study is the first to test the method of diagnosing this ability on graduates of a medical university. The level of its development is diagnosed in students of the 5th and 6th courses; students of low, medium and high levels of development are identified. Strategies for solving experimental tasks used by university graduates are shown. It is shown that the probability of successful study at the higher medical school is higher among students with high intellectual indicators. It is shown that teachers of higher medical schools that focus on evaluating students more on the correctness of solving clinical problems than on the assimilation of subject knowledge, give mostly low grades to students with low intellectual potential. It is stated that, unlike the psychometric approach, the diagnosis of the ability to act “in the mind” as a leading indicator of the intellectual potential of a person allows not only to state its impact on the success of studying at a medical university, but also to give recommendations on the choice of the type of professional activity, on the optimal use of their intellectual capabilities. It is emphasized that within the framework of the psychometric approach it is impossible to give recommendations on the optimal use of intellectual capabilities to persons who are between groups with low and high indicators according to the results of testing; this is possible within the framework of the evolutionary approach.

Key words: student’s success in higher medical school, learning difficulties, ability to act “in the mind”, psychological recommendations

For citation: Pasternak, N.A. (2022). The ability to act “in the mind” as a predictor of success in higher medical school. New Psychological Research, No. 2, 52–67. DOI: 10.51217/npsyresearch_2022_02_02_03

keywords: student's success in higher medical school, learning difficulties, ability to act "in the mind", psychological recommendations

received 18 June 2022

published 18 June 2022

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