Osipov M.E. Again about the concept of «perezhivanie» by L.S. Vygotsky
Maxim E. Osipov, Ph.D (Psychology), associate professor, Russian State University for the Humanities, Moscow, Russia; bld. 6, Miusskaya square, Moscow, Russia, 125993; email@example.com
Textological (historiographic) analysis to describe the dynamics of L.S. Vygotsky to the concept of «perezhivanie» in the framework of his work in the period from 1916 to 1935 is used in the article. The term «perezhivanie» itself in the context of the cultural-historical approach is currently used ambiguously, there is both a description of experience mainly from the side of emotional reflection, and a systemic understanding of how emotional-cognitive process. At the same time, in both cases, the authors of different interpretations manage to find references to the chosen interpretation in the works of L.S. Vygotsky. Due to the peculiarities of L.S. Vygotsky, in order to understand the content of the concept of «perezhivanie», it is necessary to consider it in the context of the general development of the research program of the cultural-historical approach and the relationship of a particular concept with the general categorical apparatus of the theory. It is possible to single out at least three periods in the development of L.S. Vygotsky to the category of «perezhivanie»: early prepsychological, which is based on the analysis of human interaction with cultural artifacts as a means of generalizing individual emotional relationships; the period of opposition of «perezhivanie» to conceptual generalization; developed systemic, based on the idea of the role of conceptual thinking and generalization in the development of a person’s integral attitude to reality and its reflection in consciousness. At the same time, the attitude to experience as a generalized form of reflection, which has the property of being systematic, conceptually took shape in the early pre-psychological period, but was re-reflectioned by L.S. Vygotsky in later works of 1933–35. The term «perezhivanie» appears in the later works of L.S. Vygotsky in the categorical field of theory in the framework of solving the general problem of creating a protective belt of theories in the situation of the emerging crisis of the research program.
Key words: «perezhivanie», cultural-historical approach
For citation: Osipov, M.E. (2022). Again about the concept of «perezhivanie» by L.S. Vygotsky. New Psychological Research, No. 1, 56–70. DOI: 10.51217/npsyresearch_2022_02_01_03
received 18 March 2022
published 18 March 2022