Scientific journal

New Psychological Research

Orestova V.R., Tkachenko D.P., Gass O.K. Cinematography as an additional space for experiencing a situation of uncertainty

Vasilisa R. Orestova, Doctor of Sciеnсе (Psychology), Russian State University for the Humanities, Moscow, Russia; bld. 6, Miusskaya square, Moscow, Russia, 125047; v.r.orestova@gmail.com
Daria P. Tkachenko, Ph.D (Psychology), Russian State University for the Humanities; bld. 6, Miusskaya square, Moscow, Russia, 125047; bigbro-littlebro@yandex.ru
Olga K. Gass, undergraduate student, Russian State University for the Humanities; bld. 6, Miusskaya square, Moscow, Russia, 125047; fili2007@mail.ru

The article is devoted to the study of the importance of cinema in the living space of modern people. The idea is put forward that cinema is a significant aspect of social capital, especially in demand during periods of large-scale shocks. The role of cinema in overcoming the psychological distress caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, including the situation of frustration of the social space during the period of forced self-isolation, is discussed. Research data are presented that confirm the assumption of the possibility of using cinema as a space for emotional and cognitive living in difficult life situations. It is postulated that the appeal to cinematic content is a significant external aspect of maintaining the personal adaptive potential of modern viewers, correlated with a variety of personal resources. Empirical research is aimed at identifying the connection between cinematic preferences and the personal resources of viewers, and the specificity of these connections in men and women, as well as in viewers of different generations, is investigated. The study sample consisted of 582 people, including 168 men and 414 women aged 14 to 60 years. The results of the study allow us to speak about the existence of significant intergenerational and intergender differences in the preferences of different genres, as well as in the motivation for using film content. The specificity of connections between film preferences and various aspects of viewers’ experiences during film viewing with coping strategies, psychological defenses and basic beliefs in men and women is analyzed. Concluded that it is possible to study and understand the variability of a person’s intrapersonal processes in what kind of film content he prefers and what he seeks to get from watching a film. The results of the study allow us to consider cinema as a space for experiencing various emotions, including those associated with difficult life situations, as well as a cultural means of shaping the image of the world.

Key words: film preferences, personal resources, coping strategies, uncertainty

For citation: Orestova, V.R., Tkachenko, D.P., Gass, O.K. (2021). Cinematography as an additional space for experiencing a situation of uncertainty. New Psychological Research, No. 3, 97–120. DOI: 10.51217/npsyresearch_2021_01_03_05 

Acknowledgement

The study was supported by the Russian Science Foundation grant No. 19-18-00516 “Transitive and virtual spaces – commonality and differences”.

 

keywords: film preferences, personal resources, coping strategies, uncertainty

received 6 October 2021

published 6 October 2021

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