Martsinkovskaya T.D., Tkachenko D.P. Questionnaire «Pandemic COVID-19: emotional experience»
Tatyana D. Martsinkovskaya, Dr. of Sci. (Psychology), professor, Russian State University for the Humanities, Moscow, Russia; bld. 6, Miusskaya Square, Moscow, Russia, 125993; Psychological Institute of Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia; bld. 9–4, Mokhovaya str., Russia, Moscow, 125009; email@example.com
Daria P. Tkachenko, Russian State University for the Humanities, Moscow, Russia; bld. 6, Miusskaya Square, Moscow, Russia, 125993
The article analyzes the role of real and network space in a situation of forced self-isolation during a pandemic. It shows the need to work up a methodology that reveals the connection between different aspects of attitudes towards a pandemic – behavior, choice of information, emotional attitude, vision of the future. The necessity of research is revealed that in the quarantine situation many daily habits and rituals were frustrated, and these changes in the psychological aspects of everyday life had a particularly hard impact on the emotional state of people, while the inability to see loved ones cut off by spatial boundaries especially negatively affected emotional stability. Negative emotional experiences are also associated with anxiety related to the flatness of the economic situation and the fear of losing a job. This situation is essentially a situation of crisis transitivity, which affects not only the emotional sphere of the psyche, but also the cognitive and behavioral ones. Informational choices are of no less importance, with the Internet becoming to a large extent not only a source of information, but also a space of life. The stages of development, research, testing and validation of a questionnaire consisting of five blocks are revealed. The sample was divided into two age groups: “young” 16–35 years old (N = 85, average age = 28.3) and “mature” 36–60 years old (N = 85, average age = 46.2). As a result of the analysis of reliability using the αCronbach coefficient, indicators were obtained that are within the acceptable level – from 0.51 to 0.70. Thus, we can say that, in general, the scales of the technique are a fairly reliable tool for diagnosing various aspects of experiencing the COVID-19 pandemic. Currently, a procedure has begun for testing a new version of the questionnaire aimed at studying the psychological state during the second wave of the pandemic. The approbation of a questionnaire aimed at studying the psychological aspects of precariousness has also begun.
Key words: internet and real space, COVID-19, pandemic, quarantine, emotional well-being.
For citation: Martsinkovskaya, T.D., Tkachenko, D.P. (2021), “Questionnaire «Pandemic COVID-19: emotional experience»”, New Psychological Research, no 1, pp. 54–68, DOI: 10.51217/npsyresearch_2021_01_01_03
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received 14 March 2021
published 14 March 2021