Martsinkovskaya T.D. Dynamic of psychological well-being in the situation of transitivity and pandemic
Tatyana D. Martsinkovskaya, Dr. of Sci. (Psychology), professor, Russian State University for the Humanities, Moscow, Russia; bld. 6, Miusskaya square, Moscow, Russia, 125047; Psychological Institute of Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia; bld. 9–4, Mokhovaya str., Russia, Moscow, 125009; firstname.lastname@example.org
The article presents empirical data that reveal the dynamics of changes in the main indicators of the psychological state of people over the past three years (before the pandemic, in the first and second waves of the pandemic). An analysis of the similarities and differences between psychological phenomenology and the determinants of network and transitive spaces shows that both can be realized as a difficult life situation for many people. Based on the fact that the psychological phenomenology of the first and second waves of quarantine is similar to the phenomenology of crisis (first wave) and fluid (second wave) transitivity, a series of researches conducted in situations of crisis and fluid transitivity were repeated. Despite slight fluctuations, at all stages of the work the same people of two age groups remained the same (17–25, N = 70; 50–65, N = 60). The results are presented, revealing anxiety, relationships with loved ones and attitudes towards new technologies. It is shown that in a situation of crises, the need for emotional protection and comfort increases, while support groups change significantly over the course of three years, as can be seen from the data obtained by monitoring social identity. The situation of the pandemic is changing the psychological phenomenology of the new technological space and the attitude towards different aspects and manifestations of technology, this is especially pronounced in relation to the Internet and social networks, as well as to a new way of communication. New ways of obtaining information also change the style of informational identity of respondents of different ages, as well as their attitude to different sources of information. The results obtained show the ambivalent impact of space deprivation and new technologies on the psychological well-being of people, while the situation of uncertainty plays an unambiguously negative role, increasing anxiety. At the same time, exhaustion from changes actualizes the desire for peace and stability in everyday life. Therefore, it can be assumed that the psychology of everyday life can be a kind of strategy for coping with the situation of multiplicity and variability of contexts.
Key words: pandemic, crises, transitivity, social and informational identity, Internet and network space
For citation: Martsinkovskaya, T.D. (2022). Dynamic of psychological well-being in the situation of transitivity and pandemic. New Psychological Research, No. 2, 88–102. DOI: 10.51217/npsyresearch_2022_02_02_05
The work was supported by the Russian Science Foundation, project 19-18-00516 “Transitive and virtual spaces – commonality and differences”.
received 18 June 2022
published 18 June 2022