Martsinkovskaya T.D. Chronotope of the city in the context of the psychology of everyday life
Tatyana D. Martsinkovskaya, Dr. of Sci. (Psychology), professor, Russian State University for the Humanities, Moscow, Russia; bld. 6, Miusskaya square, Moscow, Russia, 125047; Psychological Institute of Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia; bld. 9–4, Mokhovaya str., Moscow, Russia, 125009; firstname.lastname@example.org
The connection of everyday life with synergetic processes and psychodynamic qualities is shown. The role of everyday life in realizing the picture of the world and one’s place in it in a situation of crisis (social and personal) and small but constant changes in the norms, values and standards of the world is shown. The common, individual and personal qualities that are manifested in the psychology of everyday life are analyzed. It is proved that everyday life from the point of view of psychology plays a role not only in the individualization of everyday life, but also in its transition into being, becoming at the same time a synergetic support for the individualization of being and the expression of existence. Various styles of existence in everyday life are described and their connection with the individuality and personality of a person is analyzed. The close relationship of the different personal spheres in everyday life is shown. It is revealed that everyday life in psychology performs two functions of a barrier: supporting the congruence of the external and internal world and helping a person to maintain the integrity of identity, becoming the border of the exosphere. It is exposed that frustration is a forbidden entry into the personal space, into the exosphere. The content of the inner form of the city chronotope is revealed. Its connection with the concept of urban identity and urban capital is shown. The differences between the internal form of the urban chronotope, territorial and urban identity are clarified. The relationship between the concepts of urban and small chronotope is analyzed, as well as the role of “spots of time” in enhancing the creative activity of a person and constructing his personal space. The concept of transitive and digital everyday life is introduced and proved that the digital everyday life is especially relevant for modern youth. It now can be considered as a new form of everyday life that takes place in various online communities – FB, VKontakte, Instagram, Twitter and Telegram. Thus, not only new names enter into everyday life, but also new forms of interaction with the world, with others, with oneself. The important connection of everyday life with daily behavior and culture, with aesthetic and ethical standards is emphasized.
Key words: chronotope of the city, internal form of urban chronotope, urban and territorial identity, digital everyday life
For citation: Martsinkovskaya, T.D. (2021). Chronotope of the city in the context of the psychology of everyday life. New Psychological Research, No. 3, 5–17. DOI: 10.51217/npsyresearch_2021_01_03_05
The study was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, project No. 20-013-00075.
received 6 October 2021
published 6 October 2021