Scientific journal

New Psychological Research

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Guseltseva M.S. Dialectics of modernity: antinomy as a factor in the development of culture, personality, methodology

Marina S. Guseltseva, Sc.D. (Psychology), Associate professor, Psychological Institute of Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia; bld. 9–4, Mokhovaya str., Moscow, Russia, 125009; mguseltseva@mail.ru

The article is devoted to the methodological problems of studying a person in the conditions of modernity, stability and variability, inconsistency and ambivalence of his development. Modernity is a field of transdisciplinary research in the social sciences. Modernity is heterogeneous, it includes various socio-cultural layers and social groups. In modern times, different experiences of sociality, ways and practices of identity production come into contact and compete. Researchers distinguish between contemporaneity and modernity. If contemporaneity means a time period where the development of a personality takes place in a present time shared with other people, then modernity implies the normativity of a certain ethos, adherence to a modern lifestyle. Individuals, like societies, can be contemporary but not modernized; enjoy the technological benefits of civilization, but do not share its values. An appeal to the dialectic of antinomies demonstrates that the self-determination of a modern person takes place in a changing, mixed, contradictory system of value coordinates. Left and right, liberals and conservatives are now being replaced by new and much more diverse dichotomies: known vs. unknown, past vs. future, stability vs. change, security vs. freedom, communitarianism vs. personalism, community vs. individual, static vs. mobility, tradition vs. innovation, fundamentalism vs ambivalence, maturity vs youth, etc. To understand the changes that are happening to a person in the actual modern world, psychology is forced to turn to the concepts of modernization, globalization, the information society, and also to correlate psychological knowledge with the knowledge of social sciences.

Key words: methodology, transdisciplinary approach, contemporaneity, modernity, antinomies, culture, personality

For citation: Guseltseva, M.S. (2022). Dialectics of modernity: antinomy as a factor in the development of culture, personality, methodology. New Psychological Research, No. 2, 7–31. DOI: 10.51217/npsyresearch_2022_02_02_01

Acknowledgment
The article prepared within a state task, project, FNRE-2021-0001.

keywords: methodology, transdisciplinary approach, contemporaneity, modernity, antinomies, culture, personality

received 18 June 2022

published 18 June 2022

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