Emelyanova T.P., Nestik T.A, Semenova T.V. Experiencing a tense social situation: role of internal locus of control
Tatiana P. Emelyanova, Doctor of Sciences (Psychology), Professor, Leading Researcher, Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia; bld. 13, Yaroslavskay str., Moscow, Russia, 129366; email@example.com
Timofey A. Nestik, Doctor of Sciences (Philology), Professor, Head of the Laboratory of social and economic psychology, Leading Researcher, Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia; bld. 13, Yaroslavskay str., Moscow, Russia, 129366; firstname.lastname@example.org
Tatiana V. Semenova, PhD (Psychology), Leading Specialist in vocational training, Rosatom Technical Academy, Obninsk, Russia; bld. 21, Kurchatov str., Obninsk, Kaluga rgn., Russia, 249031; TVBelyh@rosatomtech.ru
The article discusses the place of the locus of control in the complex of socio-psychological phenomena that determine the experience of a pandemic situation. The empirical study shows that the internal locus of control is one of the main psychological resources of the individual, which allows him to more effectively regulate his own psychological processes and states in a pandemic situation. The study was conducted by the method of questioning in 2021. The total sample size is 1002 people, of which two subgroups were identified with extreme values of internality/externality. Socio-psychological methods were used to study the personal characteristics and emotional state of representatives of both selected groups. The results of calculating significant differences between groups showed that pronounced internality in a pandemic is more common among young people aged 25 to 34 years, among them there are more men. These people more often combine study and work, the level of education and the size of the settlement do not play a role. Significant differences “in favor” of internals were found: in terms of psychological, social and emotional well-being, developed ability for emotional regulation, “cognitive reassessment”, fear of infecting other people with coronavirus; in the severity of personality traits: openness to new experience, curiosity, a tendency to fantasize, creativity, a wide range of interests, self-control, extraversion, optimism, goodwill, trust, conscientiousness; in the sphere of social beliefs, internals have significantly more pronounced perceived self-efficacy, liberal values, belief in the reward of efforts, and a general belief in a just world. The proven predictors of the internal locus of control during the pandemic were the ability to build positive relationships with others, openness to new experience, trust in people and science, and democracy. We also found such predictors as fear in connection with the economic consequences of the pandemic, independence, striving for achievements, and personal initiative. The limitations due to the design of the study are noted, and prospects for further study of the problem are outlined.
Key words: locus of control, internality, value orientations, psychological well-being, trust, social optimism, perceived self-efficacy, belief in a just world, cognitive reassessment
For citation: Emelyanova, T.P., Nestik, T.A., Semenova, T.V. (2022). Experiencing a tense social situation: role of internal locus of control. New Psychological Research, No. 1, 88–107. DOI: 10.51217/npsyresearch_2022_02_01_05
The research was carried out with financial support of RFBR and ANO EISI within the framework of project No. 21-011-31386 “Theoretical and methodological foundations for diagnosing the psychological state of society in the modern Russian political context”.
received 18 March 2022
published 18 March 2022