Egorova M.S., Parshikova O.V., Chertkova Y.D., Mitina O.V. The Dark Triad and Basic Values: self- and other-ratings in mother-daughter couples
Marina S. Egorova, Prof., Head of sub-department, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia; bld. 11–4, Mokhovaya str., Moscow, Russia, 125009; firstname.lastname@example.org
Oxana V. Parshikova, Ph.D (Psychology), associate professor, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia; bld. 11–4, Mokhovaya str., Moscow, Russia, 125009; email@example.com
Yulia D. Chertkova, Ph.D (Psychology), associate professor, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia; bld. 11–4, Mokhovaya str., Moscow, Russia, 125009; firstname.lastname@example.org
Olga V. Mitina, Ph.D (Psychology), leading researcher, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia; bld. 11–4, Mokhovaya str., Moscow, Russia, 125009; email@example.com
The study examines the relationship between Basic values and the Dark Triad (a construct that refers to three socially aversive traits – Machiavellianism, subclinical narcissism and subclinical psychopathy). The study involved mothers and their adult daughters (127 couples). The age of the mothers was from 38 to 66 years (M = 48.7, SD = 5.88). The age of the daughters was from 18 to 39 years old (M = 21.7, SD = 3.30). Respondents were asked to complete the Russian version of the SD3 and Portrait Values Questionnaire. Mothers completed one set of methods (rated only themselves). The daughters completed 2 sets of methods (rated themselves and their mother). The study analyzed the agreement between self-reports and other-ratings, the similarities between mothers and daughters and their interdependence. When processing the results, correlation analysis and the Actor-partner interdependence model were used. The main results of the study are as follows. 1. Compared to mothers, daughters had higher level of the Dark Triad traits, Self-Enhancement and Openness to Change, and lower Conservation. 2. Daughters rated mothers’ dark traits higher than the mothers themselves, and mothers’ values – about the same as mothers. 3. The Dark Triad positively associated with Self-Enhancement and Openness to Change in the sample of mothers (rs from 0.21 to 0.52) and in the sample of daughters (rs from 0.43 to 0.62). 4. Mothers’ self-ratings and daughters’ ratings of mothers (convergent correlations), showed self-other agreement (rs from 0.31 to 0.66). 5. Cross-correlations (self-other correlations between different dimensions) were lower than the convergent correlations. 6. The Actor-partner interdependence model made it possible to identify only actor effects between self-ratings of the Dark Triad and values. Partner effects were found for daughters’ ratings of mothers’ dark traits.
Keywords: Dark Triad, Basic values, self-ratings, other-ratings, Actor-partner interdependence model
For citation: Egorova, M.S., Parshikova, O.V., Chertkova, Y.D., Mitina, O.V. (2022). The Dark Triad and Basic Values: self- and other-ratings in mother-daughter couples. New Psychological Research, No. 1, 108–136. DOI: 10.51217/npsyresearch_2022_02_01_06
The study was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, project 19-013-00274 «Using the actor-partner interaction model to analyze marital, child-parent and sibling relationships».
received 18 March 2022
published 18 March 2022