Alekseeva O.S., Rzhanova I.E. Value orientations in representatives of four age groups of Russians
Olga S. Alekseeva, Research Associate, Psychological Institute of Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia; bld. 9–4, Mokhovaya str., Moscow, Russia, 125009; firstname.lastname@example.org
Irina E. Rzhanova, Research Associate, Psychological Institute of Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia; bld. 9–4, Mokhovaya str., Moscow, Russia, 125009; email@example.com
The study is devoted to the investigation of value orientations in the structure of the motivational and personal sphere in representatives of four age groups. Changes in the political regime, economic crises, social and cultural changes have an impact on the formation of values. The importance of a particular value can vary greatly depending on the age and historical period in which they were formed. The purpose of our study is to analyze the dynamics of value orientations, to determine which values have lost their significance at the present time, and which ones remain relevant despite the changing social conditions of development. The sample included 654 people aged 17 to 79 years. All participants were divided into four groups depending on the historical period in which their adolescence fell: the period of the “Khrushchev Thaw”, “The Era of Stagnation”, “The Era of Changes” – Perestroika and the 90s, “Putin’s Presidency”. The following methods were used: Schwartz’s Portrait Questionnaire, the Big Five Questionnaire, The Intolerance to Uncertainty Scale and the Activity Scale. The significance of most values is directly related to age. This applies to the values of Security, Conformity, Tradition, Stimulation and Achievement. However, it was found that for the older generation the importance of the values of Universalism and Benevolence is higher than for other groups. The younger group gives more preference to the values of Power and Hedonism, compared to respondents of other ages. There are differences in the nature of the relationship between personality traits and values in different age groups. The most significant differences are in character for older respondents.
Key words: values, personality traits, Big Five, modern youth
For citation: Alekseeva, O.S., Rzhanova, I.E. (2021). Value orientations in representatives of four age groups of Russians. New Psychological Research, No. 3, 121–133. DOI: 10.51217/npsyresearch_2021_01_03_06
received 6 October 2021
published 6 October 2021